A stock market is a place where regular activities of buying, selling, and issuance of shares of publicly held companies take place. The stock market operates under a defined set of regulations. A country can have multiple stock exchanges. Stock market and stock exchange can be used interchangeably. If a person says that he trades, it means that he buys or sells shares/equities in a stock exchange. Some leading stock exchanges in the US include the New York Stock Exchange(NYSE), Nasdaq, BATS, Chicago Board Options Exchange(CBOE).
In the stock market, apart from trading stocks/equities, other financial securities like Exchange traded funds(ETF), commodities, currencies, bonds and derivates bases on stocks will also be traded.
Effective working of market is achieved through more participation of the common public. The stock market also ensures all participants are verified and remain compliant with necessary regulations, leaving no room for default by any parties. Additionally, it should ensure that all associated entities operating in the market must also adhere to the rules, and work within the legal framework given by the regulator.
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